How Acne is Formed
Our oil gland is responsible for producing an oily, semi-fluid substance called sebum. This helps in lubricating the hair and the skin. The problem with sebum is that sometimes, it acts as a glue to dead skin cells. This results to the formation of soft plug consisting of dead skin and oil. Eventually, this causes blockage to the hair follicles.
The blockage in the follicle creates an opportunity for the local bacteria to reproduce. This triggers an immune response resulting to redness, inflammation, and pus formation.
What Causes Acne
If you're wondering what causes your acne, then you need to look into several contributing factors. This includes the use of certain types of skincare products, hormones, genetics, and diet.
Skincare products that stripped off the skin's natural moisture can trigger acne formation as it signals the sebaceous gland to produce more oil. Skincare experts suggest using mild products that suit your skin type and using of oil-free cosmetic products.
Acne formation is attributed to the male hormone produced by adrenal glands. Most people suffer from acne during adolescence as it is the stage when the body begins to produce more of this hormone. This hormone causes enlargement of the sebaceous glands which in turn, leads to more oil production.
Hormonal changes during pregnancy and from using contraceptives are also seen to contribute to the development of acne.
The size as well as the activity of your sebaceous glands are believed to be hereditary. People whose parents have larger and more active sebaceous glands are more likely to develop acne than those who don't have a family history of it.
There have been debates on whether certain food can actually cause or trigger the development of acne. Several studies suggest that there is a link between acne formation and a diet high in:
Processed and Sweet FoodThis food group is high in glycemic index which easily breaks into sugar. This leads to a spike in insulin level, leading to increased production of sebum.
A 2005 study revealed a link between milk and milk products consumption and acne formation. It is more likely because most of the milk and milk products we consume are from cows containing high level of hormones that make the sebaceous glands more active.
Although dubbed as a myth, a study showed a link between chocolates and acne. However, this isn't conclusive especially that the study only showed a possibility of chocolates inflaming acne and not causing it.
Learning what causes acne can help you decide for the more appropriate interventions for your skin.