Friday, November 27, 2015

Acne and Its Causes

Acne, which comes from the Greek word akme (means highest point), is a skin disease affecting almost 90% of people especially males. It's a skin disease involving the oil glands and usually found on the face, neck, back, shoulders, and chest.

How Acne is Formed

Our oil gland is responsible for producing an oily, semi-fluid substance called sebum. This helps in lubricating the hair and the skin. The problem with sebum is that sometimes, it acts as a glue to dead skin cells. This results to the formation of soft plug consisting of dead skin and oil. Eventually, this causes blockage to the hair follicles.

The blockage in the follicle creates an opportunity for the local bacteria to reproduce. This triggers an immune response resulting to redness, inflammation, and pus formation.

What Causes Acne

If you're wondering what causes your acne, then you need to look into several contributing factors. This includes the use of certain types of skincare products, hormones, genetics, and diet.

Skincare Products

Skincare products that stripped off the skin's natural moisture can trigger acne formation as it signals the sebaceous gland to produce more oil. Skincare experts suggest using mild products that suit your skin type and using of oil-free cosmetic products.


Acne formation is attributed to the male hormone produced by adrenal glands. Most people suffer from acne during adolescence as it is the stage when the body begins to produce more of this hormone. This hormone causes enlargement of the sebaceous glands which in turn, leads to more oil production.

Hormonal changes during pregnancy and from using contraceptives are also seen to contribute to the development of acne.


The size as well as the activity of your sebaceous glands are believed to be hereditary. People whose parents have larger and more active sebaceous glands are more likely to develop acne than those who don't have a family history of it.


There have been debates on whether certain food can actually cause or trigger the development of acne. Several studies suggest that there is a link between acne formation and a diet high in:

Processed and Sweet FoodThis food group is high in glycemic index which easily breaks into sugar. This leads to a spike in insulin level, leading to increased production of sebum.

A 2005 study revealed a link between milk and milk products consumption and acne formation. It is more likely because most of the milk and milk products we consume are from cows containing high level of hormones that make the sebaceous glands more active.

Although dubbed as a myth, a study showed a link between chocolates and acne. However, this isn't conclusive especially that the study only showed a possibility of chocolates inflaming acne and not causing it.

Learning what causes acne can help you decide for the more appropriate interventions for your skin.

Tuesday, November 24, 2015

Skin care: 5 tips for healthy skin

Good skin care — including sun protection and gentle cleansing — can keep your skin healthy and glowing for years to come.
Don't have time for intensive skin care? You can still pamper yourself by acing the basics. Good skin care and healthy lifestyle choices can help delay the natural aging process and prevent various skin problems. Get started with these five no-nonsense tips.

1. Protect yourself from the sun

One of the most important ways to take care of your skin is to protect it from the sun. A lifetime of sun exposure can cause wrinkles, age spots and other skin problems — as well as increase the risk of skin cancer.
For the most complete sun protection:
  • Use sunscreen. Use a broad-spectrum sunscreen with an SPF of at least 15. Apply sunscreen generously, and reapply every two hours — or more often if you're swimming or perspiring.
  • Seek shade. Avoid the sun between 10 a.m. and 2 p.m., when the sun's rays are strongest.
  • Wear protective clothing. Cover your skin with tightly woven long-sleeved shirts, long pants and wide-brimmed hats. Also consider laundry additives, which give clothing an additional layer of ultraviolet protection for a certain number of washings, or special sun-protective clothing — which is specifically designed to block ultraviolet rays.

2. Don't smoke

Smoking makes your skin look older and contributes to wrinkles. Smoking narrows the tiny blood vessels in the outermost layers of skin, which decreases blood flow. This depletes the skin of oxygen and nutrients that are important to skin health.
Smoking also damages collagen and elastin — the fibers that give your skin strength and elasticity. In addition, the repetitive facial expressions you make when smoking — such as pursing your lips when inhaling and squinting your eyes to keep out smoke — can contribute to wrinkles.
If you smoke, the best way to protect your skin is to quit. Ask your doctor for tips or treatments to help you stop smoking.

3. Treat your skin gently

Daily cleansing and shaving can take a toll on your skin. To keep it gentle:
  • Limit bath time. Hot water and long showers or baths remove oils from your skin. Limit your bath or shower time, and use warm — rather than hot — water.
  • Avoid strong soaps. Strong soaps and detergents can strip oil from your skin. Instead, choose mild cleansers.
  • Shave carefully. To protect and lubricate your skin, apply shaving cream, lotion or gel before shaving. For the closest shave, use a clean, sharp razor. Shave in the direction the hair grows, not against it.
  • Pat dry. After washing or bathing, gently pat or blot your skin dry with a towel so that some moisture remains on your skin.
  • Moisturize dry skin. If your skin is dry, use a moisturizer that fits your skin type. For daily use, consider a moisturizer that contains SPF.

4. Eat a healthy diet

A healthy diet can help you look and feel your best. Eat plenty of fruits, vegetables, whole grains and lean proteins. The association between diet and acne isn't clear — but some research suggests that a diet rich in vitamin C and low in unhealthy fats and processed or refined carbohydrates might promote younger looking skin.

5. Manage stress

Uncontrolled stress can make your skin more sensitive and trigger acne breakouts and other skin problems. To encourage healthy skin — and a healthy state of mind — take steps to manage your stress. Set reasonable limits, scale back your to-do list and make time to do the things you enjoy. The results might be more dramatic than you expect.